John Maynard Keynes (1883 - 1946)

John Maynard Keynes (1883 - 1946)

John Maynard Keynes, a prominent British economist, is widely recognized for his groundbreaking contributions to economic theory, particularly during the early to mid-20th century. Born in 1883, Keynes played a pivotal role in shaping modern macroeconomics and was a key figure in the development of Keynesian economics. While his professional achievements are well-documented, Keynes's personal life, including his homosexuality, was not openly discussed during his lifetime due to the prevailing societal attitudes of the time.

Recommended Reading: The Price of Peace Money Democracy and the Life of John Maynard


Keynes was a member of the Bloomsbury Group, a circle of influential intellectuals and artists, where he formed close friendships with individuals like Virginia Woolf and Lytton Strachey. The group was known for its progressive views on art, literature, and social issues, but discussions about sexuality remained private. Keynes married the ballerina Lydia Lopokova in 1925, and despite his homosexuality, their marriage is often described as one of mutual affection and respect.



The societal norms of the early 20th century compelled individuals to keep their sexual orientation private, and Keynes adhered to this convention. It wasn't until after his death in 1946 that more information about his homosexuality became public. Keynes's sexuality is now seen as an integral aspect of his identity, influencing his relationships, social interactions, and perhaps even shaping his economic perspectives.

As societal attitudes towards LGBTQ individuals evolved, there has been increased recognition and appreciation for the multifaceted aspects of Keynes's life. Scholars and biographers have explored the nuances of his relationships, shedding light on the challenges faced by gay individuals during his time. Keynes's legacy endures not only for his economic theories but also for the broader understanding of the complex interplay between personal identity, societal expectations, and historical context in the lives of influential figures.


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